Duncan Haldane

Duncan Haldane

2016 Nobel Prize in Physics

Duncan Haldane is a British born physicist who is currently the Sherman Fairchild University Professor of Physics at Princeton University. He is a foreign associate of National Academy of Sciences, the United States. He was awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics with David J. Thouless and John Michael Kosterlitz “for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter”. 

Education and Work Experience

  • 1978, Ph.D., University of Cambridge
  • 1981-1987, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor and Professor of Physics, University of Southern California
  • 1986-1992, Professor of Physics, University of California, San Diego
  • 1990 to present, Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics, Princeton University
Honors and Awards

    • 1992, Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    • 1996, Fellow of the Royal Society of London
    • 2012, Dirac Medal
    • 2016, Nobel Prize in Physics

Major Academic Achievements

Professor Haldane is a well-known expert and scholar in the field of strong correlation quantum multi-body systems. Professor Haldane is known for a wide variety of fundamental contributions to condensed matter physics including the theory of Luttinger liquids, the theory of one-dimensional spin chains, the theory of fractional quantum hall effect, exclusion statistics, entanglement spectra and much more. Professor Haldane, Professor David Solis and Professor Michael Coster created new areas of physics research and spawned many new important concepts in physics using modern topological tools. Professor Haldane first introduced the concept of topology into the field of physics. He found that topology can be used to explain the characteristics of small magnet chains present in some materials. The difference in atomic magnetic properties makes these chains exhibit completely different properties. The "Haldan model" and "quantum anomalous Hall effect" proposed by Professor Haldane laid the foundation for "topological insulator", a hotspot in physics research areas.